Osteoporosis

WHAT IS OSTEOPOROSIS?

Osteoporosis occurs when bones loses minerals, such as calcium and as a result causing the bones to become thin, weak, fragile, and brittle. As a result, bones can be easily fractured even from a minor bump. Common areas on the body that can be easily fractured are the hip, spine and wrist.

Osteoporosis is most commonly found in women. Other risk factors include having a family history of osteoporosis, low calcium and vitamin D levels, early menopause, smoking, inactive lifestyle, age, excessive alcohol consumption, long term use of medications such as corticosteroids for rheumatoid arthritis and asthma, and extreme dieting. There are usually no symptoms that occur with osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is diagnosed by taking a bone density scan or a DXA scan.

HOW WE CAN HELP YOU

Nutritional strategies will be developed to improve your calcium and vitamin D levels. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your blood test results and diet history. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Osteoporosis Australia

REFERENCES

Crowe, T., Smith, D., Walsh, A., Whitney, E. & Rolfes, S. (2014). Understanding nutrition: Australian and New Zealand. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning.
Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders
PEN. (2014). Osteoporosis: Practice Guidance Toolkit. Retrieved 20 January, 2017, from http://www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=553&tkid=21818