Liver Disease

WHAT IS LIVER DISEASE?

Liver disease is a general term used to describe any health condition that causes the liver to not function properly. The common types of liver disease include fatty liver, non-alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis (A, B and C), haemochromatosis, liver cancer, autoimmune liver disorders, galactosemia, and Wilson’s disease.

Risk factors for liver disease include being obese, excessive alcohol consumption, having a family history of liver disease, inherited abnormalities of the liver, long term use of certain medications and drugs (such as herbal medicines), and hepatitis virus infections. Common symptoms include dark urine, fever, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, fatigue, abdominal pain, and yellow discolouration of the skin (jaundice). However, if poorly managed complications can occur, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites (fluid retention in the abdomen, feet, legs, and back), and liver failure.

To diagnose liver disease as series of tests must be undertaken, such as physical examination, blood tests, ultrasounds (abdomen), computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and biopsy.

HOW WE CAN HELP YOU

Nutritional strategies will be developed to help you manage your liver disease. Diet requirements vary depending on the type of liver disease and the severity of the condition. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your weight and body measurements, blood test results, and diet history. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Liver – Gastroenterological Society of Australia
The Australian Liver Foundation

REFERENCES

Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders
PEN. (2008). Hepatic Disorders: Background. Retrieved 24 January, 2017, from https://www.pennutrition.com/KnowledgePathway.aspx?kpid=2153&trid=2151&trcatid=38