Diabetes: Insulin Resistance

WHAT IS Insulin resistance?

Insulin resistance occurs when the body’s cells (muscles and liver) do not respond properly to the hormone insulin. As a result, the body requires to make more glucose to keep the blood glucose levels normal, and overtime the pancreas is overworked due to the high demand of glucose required.

Some risk factors for developing insulin resistance include being overweight, family history of diabetes, inactive lifestyle, women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), and certain ethnic groups (such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders). If not treated or diagnosed correctly pre-diabetes may be developed, and there is an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease (cardiovascular disease).

Insulin resistance is diagnosed by taking a blood test, looking specifically at your fasting insulin level, or an Oral Glucose-Tolerance Test (OGTT).

HOW WE CAN HELP YOU

Nutritional strategies will be developed to reduce your risk or prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes by losing weight and making improvements to your lifestyle. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your diet history. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Diabetes NSW & ACT
National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS)

REFERENCES

Crowe, T., Smith, D., Walsh, A., Whitney, E. & Rolfes, S. (2014). Understanding nutrition: Australian and New Zealand. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning.
Dietitians Association of Australia. (n.p.). Insulin Resistance. Retrieved 12 December, 2016, from http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/insulin-resistance/
Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.